Il’dar A. Yunusov,
Associate Professor, Department of Economic Theory and Resource Management, Kazan National Research Technical University named after A. N. Tupolev – KAI, Kazan’, Russia
Lenar A. Yunusov,
Professor Department of Management, Marketing and Foreign Economic Activity named after I. N. Gerchikova, MGIMO (U) MFA of Russia, Moscow, Russia
Purpose of work. The problem of sustainable development has been a concern of mankind since the 18th
century. Thomas Robert Malthus was puzzled by the problem of human survival in a rapidly growing popula‑
tion. In 1972, environmental problems and problems related to limited resources were added to the problem
of overpopulation of the Earth.
In the Russian Federation, the problem with overpopulation is not worth it, rather the opposite. The popula‑
tion of the Russian Federation is rapidly decreasing. However, there is a problem with the environment, which
negatively affects human health. There is also an increase in population poverty and monopolization of the
economy, which cannot have a beneficial effect on reducing poverty and increasing entrepreneurship in the
country, despite the entire infrastructure to support entrepreneurship.
Materials and methods. The article analyzes the main documents defining the goals of sustainable de‑
velopment of Russia at the present stage, and a number of important indicators, such as population dynamics,
the level of morbidity of the population by main classes, etc.
Results. To achieve the strategic goals and objectives of the development of the Russian Federation, ef‑
forts and consolidation of the entire society are required to change the economic structure of the country,
create real conditions for the development of small and medium-sized businesses, and increase government
spending on infrastructure projects. In addition, without an increase in employment and income, the forma‑
tion of a middle class, a change in the mentality of citizens aimed at increasing environmental awareness and
respect for the planet Earth, the tasks set are difficult to achieve.
Conclusion. It follows from all the above that the goals set by presidential decree No. 204 "on national
goals and strategic objectives for the development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024" are
unlikely to be achieved without changing the structure of the economy
poverty, entrepreneurship, sustainable development, ecology