UDC 331.5 (470)
E. R. SHARKO,
PhD in Economic Sciences, Researcher of the Department of economics, Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
The purpose of work. The article is devoted to the development of the theoretical and methodological foundations
of the study of the spatial mobility of the population with the solution of the scientific problem of organizing remote work
and the formation of a human development policy in terms of regulating mobile processes. The purpose of the study is
to consider the importance of spatial mobility of the population in modern economic conditions.
Materials and methods. In economic and sociological areas, scientists most often turn to the issues of labor, professional, educational, and social mobility in their research, offering their vision of their essence. Considering such definitions is important for a comprehensive understanding of spatial mobility, which, in combination with various types, makes it possible to assess a person’s readiness to change the place of residence in certain space-time coordinates.
Results. The conceptual and terminological apparatus of the study of spatial mobility of the population is formed. The main focuses of understanding the essence of mobility are summarized and the classification of its main types is carried out. The content of the mobility of the population is formulated, which reflects its desire, readiness and the possibility of changing the place of residence in certain space-time coordinates in the process of implementation is accompanied by the processes of capitalization of human potential. The content of labor mobility is determined; its features for the population of Russia are analyzed. The peculiarities of the transformation of spatial mobility of the population in the conditions of the information economy into virtual forms are revealed. The trends of changes in the spatial mobility of the Russian population are analyzed. The main indicators of the implementation of spatial mobility are summarized.
Conclusion. Against the background of mass migrations, new forms of virtual mobility of the population should be highlighted. Such processes require manageability so that in the future uncontrolled forms of remote employment, education, virtual consumerism do not hinder the development of the state and their economy.
population mobility, distant work, information economy, transformation, virtual mobility.