UDC 331
DOI: 10.51409/va2022.06.02.007

Authors

A. A. Aletdinova,
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russia, National University of Oil and Gas «Gubkin University», Moscow, Russia
Z. A. Kapelyuk,
M. I. Drozdova,
S. A. Gorodkova,
Siberian University of the Consumer Cooperation, Novosibirsk, Russia

Abstract

Relevance. The introduction of modern technologies into production and services, the diffusion of knowledge leads to the emergence of new requirements for IT professionals. We can track these changes in the labor market, but it is quite difficult to quickly adjust the educational process to them. The competence model should be constantly adjusted and contain soft and hard competencies that complement each other. The relevance of the study is explained by the opinion about the low role of soft competencies in the formation of an IT specialist.
The purpose of the article. To identify and analyze the soft competencies of IT specialists that are in demand in the labor market, according to scientists, universities, employers, employees and students. To achieve this goal, the authors solved the following tasks: they defined the concept of soft competencies and identified approaches to the formation of the term; based on the works of scientists, they analyzed soft competencies that are in demand among employers and emerging among students; soft competencies were identified from the competence model in the direction of 09.03.03 Applied Informatics, profile: «Information technologies in the digital economy» of NSTU; soft competencies were generalized for the category «Information Technology, Internet, Telecom» and IT subcategories of the category «Career start, students» in the online labor market; a survey of students of the direction 09.03.03 Applied Informatics, profile: «Information technologies in the digital economy» of NSTU about the required soft competencies.
Methods and materials. The research methodology is based on general scientific methods, used: review and analysis of scientific publications; analysis of the competence model; intellectual analysis of online labor market data; questionnaires.
The empirical base of the study is based on the content analysis of Russian and foreign scientific literature, 120 thousand vacancies from the Headhunter website, and the results of a survey of NSTU students.
Research results. The authors consider soft competencies as a set of innate and (or) acquired psychosocial skills, abilities, and abilities of an individual. Four groups of soft competencies for IT specialists are identified: based on the results of research by scientists, the competence model of the direction 09.03.03 Applied Informatics, automated data collection from the online labor market, and the results of student questionnaires. The comparative analysis shows minor differences.

Keywords

IT specialists, soft competencies, approaches to the concept, labor market, competence model, data mining, questionnaire.