E. A. SHAMANINA,
Ph.D. in Economics, Senior Lecturer of the Economic Policy and Private-Public Partnership Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), Moscow, Russia
N. V. STUDENIKIN,
PhD in Political Science, Docent Department of Economic Policy and Public-Private Partnership of MGIMO Russia, Director of the Foundation «New Quality of Life», Moscow, Russia
The purpose of the work is to analyze the transformation of scientific ideas about social policy, about the relationship
between the concepts of «social policy» and «public welfare».
Materials and methods. The article presents an analysis of social issues and the role of the state in the presentation of philosophers and thinkers of different eras – from antiquity to modernity.
Results. The aggravation and complication of social problems leads States to understand the need to expand social policy measures to ensure a decent quality of life for their citizens. The very concept of «quality of life» includes a wide range of factors, in particular employment and working conditions, the level of development of education and health systems, their infrastructure, and other various kinds of social guarantees.
Conclusion. All these phenomena that shape the quality of life of the population are an integral component of social policy that contributes to the effectiveness of socio-economic development of any society.
Social Policy, Social sphere, Human Capital, Welfare State, Government, Business, Society, Market Economy, Economic Policy, Government Regulation.